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Dog paw pad skin hanging off is another condition that can lead to skin shedding and irritation.
Worms: Dogs can carry intestinal worms. If not controlled, these worms can cause anemia, poor hr coat, vomiting, diarrhea and other problems. It is important to have your dog tested regularly, so you can keep them from getting worms. There are several different types of worms your dog can get, and they come in two general types.
The first is the hookworms that are transmitted via a bite. They can be passed to you when you walk barefoot or play with your dog outdoors. These worms live in the soil, and you can get them from eating the ground or by walking through the areas where the worms live. These worms can cause a dog to have a very itchy skin around the anus and lower parts of the body, and you may be able to tell that your dog is trying to urinate out of one of their hind legs.
The other type of worms that your dog can carry are roundworms. These worms are passed via the fecal matter of the dog. Since these worms are small, they are usually not noticed. To get rid of these worms, you can put the infected fecal matter in the toilet. If the owner of the feces tells you it came from your dog, that is fine, as long as it was feces that did not have diarrhea. It is important to also check your dog's food for contamination with these parasites.
**SYMPTOMS OF PARASITIC WORMS IN DOGS**
Following are some of the symptoms of parasitic worms in dogs:
• loss of hr around your dog's anal region
• diarrhea that is watery and does not seem to have an effect on stools
• weight loss
• lack of coordination (at times)
• "backing up" while passing stools
• unresponsiveness to your dog's environment
• gastrointestinal bleeding of any kind
• muscle tremors
• "pinpoint" appetite
• vomiting of blood
There are many different species of tapeworm that can be passed to your dog. They are carried by fleas that are picked up from your dog. The larvae travel to the dog's gut, where they develop into worms.
The tapeworm that you are likely to encounter is *Taenia hydatigena*, a parasite of dogs. This is a fatal disease in dogs, and it is important to take your dog to the vet if you notice the symptoms of too much tapeworm activity. These symptoms include unresponsiveness, weakness, nausea, vomiting and even paralysis.
**HOOKED ON TAPEWORMS**
Most tapeworm infections are relatively easy to treat, but the danger of _Taenia_ spp. parasitism is greater when dogs who have been tapeworm free become infected and begin to vomit the segments. These segments are rarely killed by medicines, and the dog can begin to eat them and take a risk of becoming seriously ill. This is called "oocyst" stage tapeworm infection and is particularly deadly to younger dogs, as they do not have developed immune systems.
Taenia worms are typically 1 to 4 inches long. They have a flat, broad tapering shape and varying numbers of proglottids (or segments). The segments are usually the same length as the worm's length but vary in number from about 20 to about 100.
**T APEWORM: A DEADLY DOG DISEASE**
The deadly tapeworm Taenia hydatigena is the most common parasite of the dog, and it is typically spread by fleas who carry the parasite between dogs.
There are no known risk factors for Taenia infection. The only method of prevention is to keep dogs and children from playing in sand and soil. These can be sources of infection for adult worms, which then develop into larvae in the intestines of the dog.
**T APEWORM TREATMENT**
It is difficult to eradicate adult tapeworms from the dog unless the dog stops feeding on infected prey. The only way to guarantee a cure is to treat the dog with a combination of different drugs, which kills the adult worms and stops the eggs from forming. A single 25-50mg/kg dose of praziquantel would be used, then 10-15mg/kg of praziquantel is given 21 days later, and finally, 7-10 days after that, 1-2mg/kg of niclosamide is administered. It is important to complete all three treatments to ensure a full course of therapy.
If symptoms occur during or between treatments, determine the cause and treat it accordingly. While the medications for Taenia treatment are safe for your pet, they could potentially cause problems for your child. Please discuss these issues with your vet.
**T APEWORMS: SNAKES IN SHEEP'S CLOTHING?**
Have you ever wondered how the dog gets those nasty little tapeworms that live in the large intestine, and are commonly known as flukes? It is actually the dog's stomach cells that protect them from the harsh digestive juices, which is why tapeworms will only live in the intestines. In order to do this, the tapeworm makes a protective, "sheep's clothing" (read about this defense mechanism here) out of the cells of their stomach, and thus they appear to be swallowed by the dog. The problem is, this creates a vacuum, and the dog's stomach begins to suck in r, which puts pressure on the dog's abdomen. Without enough r to breathe, the dog literally feels like it is about to explode!
If your dog swallows a hrball, do not chew it, or you will risk damaging the intestinal lining. Instead, give him water to drink and keep him indoors. Contact your vet right away if you observe blood in your dog's stool.
The good news is that a simple blood test can detect the presence of tapeworm infections in the intestines. Depending on the stage of the infection, the tapeworms can be removed either medically or by tapeworm "curers" avlable from your vet. Your vet can work with you to determine the best course of treatment.
To cure the tapeworm infection, the dog must actively participate in the process. Your vet will provide the instructions for the appropriate tapeworm "cure," and your vet will show you how to administer it.
Hrballs are the most common type of stool and are most commonly associated with dogs but are also seen in cats. While most dog owners know that hrballs are pnful, many do not know that a hrball that remns in the intestine of the dog for more than a day can become a serious blockage that may require surgery to remove. Most dog's will wear a hrball in their